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Anatolian cat
Alternative Names

Turkish Shorthair



Common Nicknames

Ankara cat

Cat (Felis catus)
List of Cat Breeds

The Anatolian cat, also known as the Turkish Shorthair or simply the Turkish cat, is a breed native to Turkey, particularly the Anatolian region. It's recognized from its short, dense coat that comes in various colors and patterns, including tabby, solid, and bicolor. Anatolian cats are known for their strong and muscular build, often described as agile or athletic. They typically have almond-shaped eyes that can be green, amber, or yellowish in color. In terms of temperament, they are generally affectionate, and intelligent, making them good companions for households that appreciate an active and engaging cat breed.


Anatolian cats specifically originate from the Anatolian region of Turkey, which includes modern-day areas such as Ankara and Konya. These cats are considered a landrace breed, meaning they developed naturally over time in their specific geographic area, adopting to the local environment and climate.

Throughout history, cats in Anatolia served various roles, primarily as companions and mousers in homes, farms, and villages. They were valued for their ability to control pests and were often kept around granaries and homes to protect food stores from rodents.

The Anatolian cat is also closely related to the Turkish Angora and Turkish Van breeds, both of which are well-known Turkish cat breeds with distinctive characteristics. Over time, these cats have interbred to some extent, contributing to the genetic diversity and unique traits found in Anatolian cats today.


Anatolian cats have a muscular and athletic build. They are medium to large-sized cats, with a strong bone structure and a well proportioned body. They have a short to medium length coat that is dense and smooth. The coat can come in various colors and patterns, including Tabby (striped), solid colors (such as black, white, or gray), and bicolor patterns. Common coat colors include brown tabby, silver tabby, solid black, solid white, or various shades of gray. Bicolor patterns often include white combined with another color. They have a moderately sized head with a slightly rounded skull. The muzzle is usually medium in length, and the profile shows a gentle curve. Anatolian cats typically have almond-shaped eyes that are large and expressive. Eye colors can include green, amber, and yellowish hues. Their ears are medium-sized and alert, with slightly rounded tips. They are proportionate to the head and contribute to the cat's attentive appearance. The tail is of medium length, tapering to a rounded tip. It is proportionate to the body and often held upright or in a gentle curve.


Anatolian cats are generally known to be robust and healthy cats with a good lifespan, typically ranging from 12 to 18 years or more with proper care. Like all cats, they can be prone to certain health issues, but are not known to have specific breed-related health problems.